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移動平均線有什麼用?

2022-06-20

移動平均線(MA)交易指南


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What are Moving averages?

Moving averages are among the most widely used and efficient indicators for technical analysis. Traders of all levels determine long term trends using this tool. We’ll cover how to define a trend, how to implement this indicator for support and resistance levels, and how to use it as trade entry and exit signal.

What are Moving Averages?

Moving averages (MA) indicate the average trend within the chosen period, smooth out price action and filter out the noise. They are formed using the average 移動平均線有什麼用? 移動平均線有什麼用? closing price over a set number of periods. For example, a ten-day simple moving average is a total of the closing prices during a period of ten days divided by ten.

The most commonly used moving averages are:

Simple Moving Average (SMA), which indicates the average movement of price during a particular time period;

Exponential Moving Average (EMA), which is similar to SMA, but applies a greater weight to more recent prices.

Adding Moving Averages to your chart in MetaTrader 4

You can add moving averages to your chart simply by clicking the ‘indicators list’ icon in the toolbar and selecting ‘moving average’. From there you can choose the period and the type of MA you want to work with. If you’re using multiple moving averages you can change the color in order to identify them easily.

Simple Moving Averages vs. Exponential Moving Averages

SMA are slower than EMA in responding to price action. Consequently, they indicate trends or trend reversals more slowly, but are less prone to false signals. EMA are better 移動平均線有什麼用? at catching trends early, though they will give you more false 移動平均線有什麼用? signals during consolidation periods.

Using several types of moving averages will give you a broader outlook. For instance, a trader might choose longer period SMA to help understand the broader trend, and 移動平均線有什麼用? shorter period EMA for entry signals.

SMA may better identify support and resistance levels since they reflect a balanced average of prices over a set time period.

How to determine a trend using MA?

When a price action remains above a moving average, it signals that the price has an uptrend. Conversely, if a price action stays below the MA it indicates a downtrend.

Using several MA simultaneously can be beneficial in determining a trend. Make sure the MA lines are set in the correct order (from fastest to slowest in an uptrend, from slowest to fastest in a downtrend) to confirm that you are in a strong uptrend or downtrend.

Moving Average Crossovers

MA crossovers help to determine when a new trend starts and when an existing one is about to reverse.

Upward momentum is confirmed with a bullish crossover, when short-term MA crosse above longer-term MA. This can be called a ‘Golden Cross’. Downward momentum is confirmed with a 移動平均線有什麼用? bearish crossover, when short-term MA cross below longer-term MA, also known as a ‘Death Cross’. Short term MA can be used 移動平均線有什麼用? for intraday trading, for instance, EMA with 5 and 10 periods.

Longer-term traders might prefer SMA crossovers with 50 and 200 periods.

On one hand, MA crossovers tend to work well in trending markets, while on the other, they can be worthless in sideways or consolidating markets.

Moving Averages as Dynamic Support and Resistance Levels

MA can also be used as support in an uptrend and resistance in a downtrend. For example, a short-term uptrend might find support near the 21-day EMA, while a long-term uptrend might find support near the 200-day SMA.

50 and 200-period SMA are mostly followed on the daily chart and often represent key support and resistance levels. Keep in mind that the levels are not exact, and MA more often represent areas of support and resistance. Levels are also dynamic, as they are constantly changing based on recent price action.

MA is a multi-faceted indicator that can help you to define a trend, support and resistance. It can also show when a new trend starts and when 移動平均線有什麼用? a trend is about to reverse. Set different periods of MA to determine what works best for your trading strategy.

移動平均線什麼?一文教你看懂移動平均線

2022-06-20

288

移動平均線什麼?一文教你看懂移動平均線

移動平均線什麼?一文教你看懂移動平均線

移動平均線什麼?一文教你看懂移動平均線

移動平均線什麼?一文教你看懂移動平均線

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移動平均線有什麼用?

移动平均线是真正的股票在设定周期的平均价格。通过平均价格线,可以去除时间波动,容易发现的趋势。 简单来说,移动平均线可以帮助技术。以及计算者抹平市场的一些交易价格。你可以利用倾向中的不同倾向,确定支持位和他们的立场 移动平均线有不同的查看方式,包括但是,每一种移动线的唯一方法的唯一不同就是它们的平均价格。 们的平均 价格。 移动平均线有几种不同的查看方式,具有不同的计算方法。但是,每一种移动平均线的解释都是一样的。这些计算方法的唯一差别就是它们赋予价格数据的权重不同。. 在移动平均线中,可以给每个价格点赋予相同的权重,也可以给最近的数据赋予更多权重。最常用的移动平均线类型是简单、指数和加权移动平均线。一般不需要对确切的计算进行深入了解,因为大部分图形软件都会为你完成计算。

简单移动平均线(SMA) SMA是计算价格移动平均线最常用的方法。每个点的计算为:该时间周期内所有之前收盘价的总和,除以计算中所使用价格的数量。 例如,21天SMA,采用过去21天收盘价之和,再除以21。 加权移动平均线 (WMA) 移動平均線有什麼用? 加权移动平均线是用来解决同等赋权的问题。它的计算方法为:特定时间周期内所有收盘价分别乘以各数据点的位置编号,每个点的乘积求和,然后除以各周期编号之和。 这种方法又被称为“线性加权”,因为赋予权重按线性下降。

指数移动平均线(EMA) (EMA) 指数移动平均线的计算采用了一个平滑系数,以便给近期的数据点赋予更高的权重。它与加权移动平均线的差异在于,权重是以指数方式下降(而WMA是按线性方式下降)。 这里要记住的最重要一点,就是相对SMA而言,EMA对新信息的反应更明显。这些反应性是很多技术型交易者选择这些移动平均线的主要原因之一。它一般被认为比WMA更加高效。

我应该用哪种移动平均线?

移动平均线实际上是一个倾向指&。因此,与你观察不同时间周期的趋势的不同,可以观察不同周期数的移动平均线。 ,比如20、5、90和200天移动平均线,而其他人可能使用斐波那契数,例如21、55、89和144天移动平均线。而其他人斐波那契数字,例如 21、55、89 和 144 天移动平均线。 作为一般规则,200 天移动平均线被认为是衡量长期趋势的良好指标,中长期趋势的 90 天移动平均线长期趋势,50日均线代表中期趋势,20日均线代表短期趋势。 您还应该了解,移动平均线在不同时间和不同市场的运作方式不同。一些移动平均线可能对一种工具非常有效,但对另一种则不太好。因此,在图表上显示一系列移动平均线至关重要。 这是一个课程的例子,因为很少有一个万能的选择。六个月前运行良好的移动平均线现在可能不是一个很好的指标。

利用移动平均线进行交易

  • 当某个移动平均线向前推进,并且当前价格在线的上方上行,这可以视为看涨, 交易者会寻找的地方 购买
    移動平均線有什麼用?
  • 你可以利用移动平均线的方向,确认价格是在上行趋势牛市 还是在下行趋势 熊市

当一条移动平均线与另外一条交叉时,则是趋势反转的信号。当一条较短期的移动平均线穿越到一条较长期移动平均线上方时,可以视为一个买入信号。或者,当一条较短期的移动平均线穿越到一条较长期移动平均线下方时,可以视为一个卖出信号。 如果交叉时两条线是朝同一方向移动,则移动平均线交叉的确信度可能额外高。 “黄金交叉”是指一条上升的较短期移动平均线穿越超过一个上升的较长期移动平均线。 “死亡交叉”或“死叉”是指一条下行的短期移动平均线向下穿越一条下行的较长期移动平均线。\n如下面的美元/日元图形所示,事实证明21天SMA与55天SMA的交叉是非常好的趋势变化信号,并且在2018和2019年期间产生一系列买入和卖出信号

图2: 美元/日元的21天SAM与55天SMA交叉

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